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date: october 23, 2002top storiescarolina first campaign sets $1.8 billion goalinstitute to expand in new hyde hallferris: carolina has a 'special responsibility and a place of honor'more storiesnews briefsfaculty/staff newsPhotoscalendartable of contents



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Massey Award winner: Fuchs puts people first and music second
Massey Award winner: Richardson: good works in a small package
Philosopher wins Mellon Foundation award
Two join faculty, receive endowed chairs
Decorations & Distinctions
Trustees cite outstanding service with Davie awards

Fuchs puts people first and music second

Editor's note: This story and the one that follows are the last of a series featuring 2002 winners of the C. Knox Massey Distinguished Service Award. The late C. Knox Massey of Durham created the awards in 1980 to recognize "unusual, meritorious or superior contributions" by University employees. The award is supported by the Massey-Weatherspoon Fund created by three generations of Massey and Weatherspoon families. Chancellor James Moeser selected the honorees from nominations submitted by the campus. They each received an award citation and $5,000 stipend.

Officially, Jeffrey Wayne Fuchs' musical career started in seventh grade. It began with a big instrument -- a tuba -- and with a big dream for a boy growing up in a town as small as Savannah, Mo.

The town had fewer than 6,000 people and one high school that proved to be the touchstone of community pride. On fall Friday nights, townspeople crowded into the bleachers to cheer on the football team. But they also came to hear the band.

When Fuchs was in the stands, he paid particular attention to the animated man who stood bouncing on his toes in front of the band directing it.

That man was his father -- and the person Fuchs wanted to grow up to be.

Gerald Fuchs directed high school bands for some 20 years, and in all those years he made sure his band members practiced as hard during the week and played as well as the team when they got into their uniforms on game day.

And in all those years his bands received superior ratings wherever and whenever they performed throughout Missouri.

Fuchs' dream was not just to share the same profession as his father, but to be able to do it with the same exacting precision and flair as his father did it, and with his priorities for life set as straight and true as the rows his father's marching bands formed on the field.

The family would leave Savannah for Kansas City, and his father would retire before Fuchs could play for him. But the father would still offer his son valuable lessons by the way he conducted himself on and off the field, at home and at work.

Now, some 30 years since Fuchs first picked up a tuba, he has been leading bands for more years even than his father did. He has been director of the Carolina band program for the past six years.

Evidence of the kind of job Fuchs has been doing came this past May in the form of a C. Knox Massey Distinguished Service Award.

One of the most valuable lessons his father taught him, Fuchs said, is that the molding of people matters more than the making of music.

The second important lesson he taught him is that one can't happen without the other.

The road to Carolina
Fuchs graduated in 1983 from Truman State University in Kirksville, Mo., then known as Northeast Missouri State University. After teaching three years at a small high school, Fuchs returned to Truman State to serve as assistant director and to pursue the master's degree he would complete in 1988. By then, Fuchs knew he wanted to direct at the college level, and he went to the University of Kansas to work with the band and start on his doctorate to make it happen.

He got off to a fast start.

After one year at Kansas, Fuchs took over the marching band. After two years, he took over the band that played for the men's basketball games.

But by 1993, budget cuts at Kansas forced him to take a job at a high school in St. Charles, Mo. The job entailed directing the marching, concert, jazz and basketball bands.

He was still teaching at the high school when he learned of the opening for an assistant band director at Carolina in spring of 1994. He interviewed for the job but didn't get it. When the same job opened again a year later, Fuchs applied again. This time he got it. He started work at Carolina in August of 1995.

By the fall of 1996, Fuchs was acting director.

By January of 1997, he was named the permanent director.

His chance had finally arrived.

Now it was time for him to deliver.

The organization man
The Massey citation described Fuchs as a "gifted organizer" who is "a joy to those he leads and to all with whom he collaborates for the greater good of their common educational enterprise."

Before asking yourself why a man would be lauded for simply being organized, consider all that Fuchs must get around to doing each year.

He runs the Tar Heel Invitational, a recruiting event each fall for 25 high school bands from throughout the state. He also visits public school band programs as a clinician.

He serves as the chair of the music department's Wind and Percussion Area.

He coordinates his band programs with athletic coaches. He leads the 330-member marching band in half-time programs for football games. He leads the basketball band.

He musters, guides and manages an overlapping system of pep bands that plays for more than 70 athletic events a year. He conducts the symphony band. He instructs students in instrumental methods.

And he knows all his students by name, along with the instruments they play, just like his dad always had.

They are the only students in the University who take their exams in front of 60,000 people each week in the fall -- and where a "B" performance is unacceptable, Fuchs said.

"I let them know that my responsibility to them is to make sure that I put them into a position where they can succeed," Fuchs said.

But he also lets them know that they are really performing for themselves -- not for him.

"We teach a lot of things here. Among them are qualities that can create success in their lives. Discipline. Commitment. Having a high standard and meeting it consistently."

One of our responsibilities during the game, Fuchs said, is to create an atmosphere that perpetuates excitement no matter how far ahead or behind the team happens to be. And through this year's losing campaign that responsibility weighed even heavier.

In many ways, band members go through the same kinds of feelings and preparation as the players do, except their playbook changes each week with a change of music and visuals. His Massey award, Fuchs said, is as much a testament to their efforts as his own.

"It's a tremendous honor, and it has to be shared with the kids," Fuchs said. "I have never marched on the field in Kenan Stadium. It's as much theirs as mine."

Life lessons
But there is more to Jeffrey Fuchs than his work. There is also his wife, Karen, and daughter, Megan.

He and Karen met in college. She was the drum major of the marching band his freshman year. They were married on May 1, 1982, at the end of his junior year.

Megan is now a freshman at Carolina, but when Megan was growing up, she served as both his clock -- and compass.

"I was always home when she was home," Fuchs said, even if it meant going back to work after she went to bed at 9:30 p.m. As he put it, "I didn't want to miss my daughter's life."

Now, he has to remind himself to get out of the office to get home to be with Karen so she is not there alone. Among his proudest achievements is "the fact that we are still a family."

Striking a balance between work and family may have been the most important lesson his father taught him, Fuchs said.

Every Memorial Day, his father would lead the high school band from the downtown to the section of the town cemetery where war veterans were buried. Fuchs remembers those days because they always marked the starting date of family vacations. Fuchs had an older sister and younger brother, and every year, when they got home from the ceremony, the car would be packed and ready for them to hop into the back seat and go.

His mother Jackie, who taught what would now be considered special education, would have an influence on him that would prove to be no less strong. "Dad invested in his students. He invested in their lives and their musical lives. Mom did the same thing. She invested in students who the system had given up on."

She did it with the patience that her compassion gave her, and she managed to get her students to reach for goals once thought unattainable, even if it was learning how to spell their name or read.

Both his parents are now 66 and retired, although his mother hasn't quite figured out what that means. She still volunteers to teach people her age or older how to read. One of her pupils is an 80-year-old man who came to her wanting to learn to play the piano. She couldn't say no.

Fuchs' brother and sister ended up being teachers, too. His sister is the chair of the English department at Clinton High School in Missouri. As for his little brother, he's now the band director for Pittsburg State University in Kansas.

His father supported all his children at every turn, Fuchs said, but more than the words of encouragement was the solid example he set by the life he led.

"A band director is what I do," Fuchs explained. "It's not who I am."

Richardson: good works in a small package

Phylinda Baldwin, just like everyone else, calls her "Sister."

Baldwin -- who calls herself a "jackie of all trades" -- began working at the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center 27 years ago. "And Sister was there when I started."

Sister's real name, for people who don't know her, is Eleanor Guthrie Richardson. And she officially started working as an unpaid volunteer in the nursery way back in 1969, for reasons she says she can no longer remember.

Baldwin knew Sister before the car accident in 1976 that nearly claimed her life.

"A lesser person, a person with less willpower, wouldn't have made it through what she had to go through," Baldwin said. "The doctors gave her up, said she would pretty much be a vegetable."

But Sister was in a comaso she wasn't listening.

In 1991, 15 years after doctors gave up hope on her, Richardson returned to the nursery to resume the work she loved. And this spring, some of the people she had worked with over the years felt it important that others share in their appreciation of this determined woman. They nominated her for a C. Knox Massey Distinguished Service Award.

In her nominating letter, Mary G. Jenne, the assistant director of the center's child care program, said of her: "Sister cares for some of the youngest members of this University community. She has held, fed, changed, comforted, cajoled, nurtured, and above all, loved infants and young toddlers at Frank Porter Graham for over 20 years. Not only has she contributed to the development of the infants, she has also been an example to the teachers and assistant teachers who have worked with her. Before the research on brain development and critical periods, Sister's careful attention to the infants in her care showed that she knew it mattered how attentively she held them, how often she talked to them, how well and how frequently she responded to them. Our nursery includes infants with special needs. Sister is often the adult who gives the extra care, the lap time, the loving attention that helps make a difference for a baby struggling to make its way in the world."

She won the award in May.

"She, like Frank Graham, for whom the Child Care Center is named, lives her life selflessly," the award citation said of her. "She exemplifies that ancient admonition, often neglected but not quite forgotten, that we `love one another.'"

With her overflowing heart of love and her devoted volunteer work, Eleanor Guthrie Richardson lends a little touch of glory" the award stated.

Glory or no glory, Baldwin recalled that Sister was a little perturbed at first about the whole thing. "She doesn't like surprises and wants to know everything that is going on. She fussed at us for a while and told us, `You guys weren't supposed to do that to me.' "

After she got the award, though, she changed her tune slightly.

"She told me after she got it, `This is really nice, but my real reward is in heaven.' "

As for the money that accompanied the recognition, she liked that, too, Baldwin said, but she made sure to give her 10 percent as a tithe to Saint Paul's Baptist Church in Carrboro.

Chapel Hill native
Eleanor Guthrie was born and raised in Chapel Hill. She and her fraternal twin sister, Edna, were the youngest of five children. It was Edna who came up with her nickname, "Sister," that the teachers and parents at the nursery still call her today.

They were all born and raised in Chapel Hill, and Richardson graduated from Lincoln High School in 1959. Afterward, she went to work at the old Monogram Club on campus as a waitress. The job didn't last long, not nearly as long as the relationship she developed with one of her fellow workers, James Richardson.

They have been married for going on 42 years now.

"He was a cook, and he does all the cooking now," Richardson said. "He can cook anything."

At 4 feet, 11 inches tall, she was tiny enough to inspire her husband's relatives in New Jersey to come up with yet another nickname for her. "They call me Little Bit," she said.

The couple had two daughters, Wylica and Duanna, in quick succession in 1962 and 1963. They would later adopt a third daughter, Denise, born in 1972.

James ended up getting a job as a nurse at UNC Hospitals, a job he kept until his retirement a few years back.

After they were married, Richardson went to work on the line at Triem Inc., a factory in Carrboro that makes small electric motors. "It was all right, but it just wasn't what I wanted to do," Richardson said. She quit after about a year.

She started volunteering at the nursery in 1969, about the time her oldest girls who heading off to school.

The factory job paid her a little bit of money, but holding down a real job didn't carry the same satisfaction she could get just by holding a little baby in her arms.

And through the years, that satisfaction has never left her.

The accident
The only thing she knows about the accident is what James told her -- and even what he told her about it is now a fading memory.

It happened in 1976, in an old brown Pontiac. At least she thinks it was a Pontiac. James' grandfather had died and they were heading to the funeral in Louisburg when a truck crossed the centerline and plowed into them.

Everyone tells her she should have died. She stop breathing, but her husband did something -- he still hasn't explained exactly what -- to revive her before the rescue squad arrived and took her to the Duke hospital.

She suffered brain damage and a broken neck. She remained in a coma for three months. Her first memory after the accident was lying in bed and being surrounded by the smiling faces of people from her church.

"They told me my sister Edna was there every day to see me, talking to me and going on."

That was easy for her to believe, Richardson said, because it sounded like her sister.

James came to visit as much as he could. He went to work, came home and fixed supper for their three girls, then headed to the hospital to see her until the nurses kicked him out.

It took her weeks to curve her fingers around a pencil to learn to write again.

Learning to walk and talk again was just as hard. That took months.

And it took 15 years to get back to where she was -- and the place she belonged -- in the nursery.

"I think the Lord saved me because he wasn't ready for me yet," Richardson said.

She figured one of the reasons was maybe because He had work for her left to do down here.

"I just knew I had to come back to the center because I just love working here."

A happy return
Baldwin remembers not being able to see Richardson in the hospital all those years ago. It was too painful seeing all the tubes and screws protruding from her head.

During physical therapy, she remembers how Richardson kept pushing herself. "If she fell down, she would let you pick her back up, but then she wanted you to step away so she could try again."

Baldwin left the nursery for two years, but since she returned in 1994 she has picked Richardson up on her way to work and taken her home with her at the end of the day.

Sister arrives with Baldwin every morning but Friday at 7:15 a.m. She leaves with her every afternoon sometime after 4 p.m.

For Richardson, each step, each word still comes slowly. But that doesn't stop her from getting where she wants to go -- or speaking her mind.

Jenne said most people would have quit if they had gone through what Richardson did. "She can't stand up and hold the babies anymore," Jenne said. "When she walks across the room it is an act of will that she even gets there."

But it doesn't matter to her that she can't cross the room the way she used to.

What matters is that she's back.

She has two rocking chairs, one for each side of the nursery that is partitioned off into two classrooms during the day. Throughout the day, the babies are carried to her. Most days, Baldwin says, she eats her lunch in one of the chairs, too.

Baldwin said they tease each other unmercifully in the car and at work as good friends sometimes do. "Everybody on the job says she has to have the last word," Baldwin said. "I'll roll down the window to try to get in the last word and then when I'm driving up the street I'll hear her say something."

It's the same thing in the morning, except in reverse. She's the official greeter, the first one there to tell the parents coming in, "Good morning, how are you doing."

Her body may be frail, Jenne said, but not her personality.

Jenne has seen that same "spunky humor," she said. "She will poke fun at you, and if you poke fun at her back that is just fine.

"Sister is not a saint," Jenne said. "She is just a good woman."

And when it comes to caring for babies, she is really good. "She is persistent in trying to figure out what they need -- and then doing it," Jenne said.

All of it, Richardson explains, "is just in my nature.

"If I know a baby is sleepy, I'll bounce him or shake him until he gets quiet. He can raise all the fuss he wants to, but I still do it because I know what's best for him. I don't give up."

There are babies that stick in her memory, like the baby boy with Down syndrome who always had a smile on his lips. And the little girl who had some kind of syndrome that kept her from growing as fast as she should. That little baby stayed in the nursery for two years before Richardson had to tell her goodbye.

The college-educated folk sometimes refer to such children as babies with special needs. Not Richardson. In her eyes, each baby is special in its own way. And every baby needs everything she has to give.

A soothing voice.

A soft touch.

A kiss on the cheek.

A hug.

Richardson knows, of course, that important research is going on here, that these little babies she cradles on her knee and rocks to sleep are seen and treated as test subjects, too.

But to Richardson they are just little babies, and what is most important about them to her is that they need her as much as she needs them.

"I love babies," she said. "For one thing, they are not able to talk back to you. I just love them. There is one baby down there now I just kiss all the time. I tell him, `I'm going to get all of your sugar.' And he just looks at me and laughs. I hold them and feed them and talk to them and kiss on them as much as I can."

Money isn't everything, and for Richardson it's not even the most important thing. And that is all that needs to be said to explain why she has chosen to watch over so many babies over so many years for no pay.

"All I get is a thank you," Richardson said. "And that's all I want."

So when they cry, she comforts them.

When they get hungry, she feeds them.

When they want to play, she can still play a pretty mean game of peek-a-boo.

When they need their diapers changed, "I give them over to somebody else. Love only goes so far," she said.

Philosopher wins Mellon Foundation award

Susan Wolf, the Edna J. Koury professor of philosophy, has been selected for a Distinguished Achievement Award from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in New York.

Wolf is regarded in the field "as one of the most original and distinguished philosophers of her generation," stated the Mellon Foundation in the award announcement. She is one of five humanities scholars nationwide to receive the prestigious honor this year. The awards are intended to honor scholars who have made significant contributions to the humanities and more broadly to other fields and to enable them to pursue their teaching and research interests under especially favorable conditions. Each award includes a grant of up to $1.5 million over a three-year period for the recipient and his or her academic institution.

Wolf is known for a set of provocative and highly original theses on the relationships among free will, moral responsibility and objective values. She is the author of "Freedom Within Reason" (Oxford University Press, 1990), in which she explored the concepts of free will and responsibility in the context of one's capacity to reason and form values.

At least two of her essays are considered modern classics. "Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility" explores the philosophical implications of the insanity defense for the problem of free will and responsibility. "Moral Saints" considered the question, "What would a morally perfect person be like?" and argues that nonmoral values, such as humor and beauty, have an important place in personal ideals.

Most recently, Wolf has been reinvigorating discussions of the age-old question: "What is the meaning of life?"

"Professor Wolf is an extraordinary philosopher who manages consistently to bring a fresh and penetrating eye to issues that are of central moral concern," said Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, professor and chair of the philosophy department. "Her seminal ideas have significantly influenced contemporary analytic philosophy and ethics, as well as law and psychology."

Wolf received a B.A. degree in mathematics and philosophy from Yale University in 1974 and a Ph.D. in philosophy from Princeton University in 1978. Among many other honors, she was elected to the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1999.

Before joining the Carolina faculty, Wolf was the Duane Peterson Professor of Ethics and chair of the philosophy department at Johns Hopkins University. She also has held positions at Harvard University and the University of Maryland.

The other Mellon Distinguished Achievement Award recipients this year are from Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of Chicago and the University of Virginia.

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation is dedicated to enabling first-rate scholars and institutions to cultivate and to advance humanistic learning and understanding.

Two join faculty, receive endowed chairs

Two professors visiting this fall will join the faculty in January with appointments to endowed chairs. They are:

* Christopher K.R.T. Jones, Bill Guthridge distinguished professor of mathematics; and

* Jodi Magness, Kenan distinguished professor of teaching excellence in early Judaism.

Before coming to Carolina, Jones was director of the Lefschetz Center for Dynamical Systems at Brown University, where he also held the position of professor of applied mathematics since 1990.

Jones' interests span both pure and applied mathematics, particularly applied dynamical systems. He recently studied ocean flow at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Among many honors, he received the Faculty Mentor of the Year Award from the Compact for Faculty Diversity in 1999 and the Senior U.S. Scientist Award from the Humboldt Foundation at the University of Stuttgart in 1993-94.

Jones received a Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1979.

Magness, an expert on the archaeology of ancient Palestine including the site where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered, teaches courses on early Jewish history, literature, religion and archaeology.

Before coming to Carolina, Magness taught at Tufts University, where she was associate professor of classics and art history and director of the archaeology program.

Her major publications include "The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls" and the forthcoming "The Archaeology of the Early Islamic Settlement in Palestine."

Magness earned a Ph.D. in classical archaeology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1989 and a bachelor's degree in archaeology and history from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1977.

The Bill Guthridge distinguished professorship in mathematics was established by gifts from alumni Charles and Beth Duckett and John and Mary Louise Burress. Guthridge was assistant basketball coach for 30 years before becoming head coach in 1997. He retired in 2000.

The Kenan professorship was established in 1995 at the suggestion of alumnus Frank H. Kenan to help the University recruit and recognize extraordinary scholars who excel in undergraduate teaching. Kenan, long-time Carolina benefactor and founder of Kenan Oil Co., died in 1996. The William R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust funded the professorships.

Decorations & Distinctions

Alice Ammerman
Marci Campbell
Boyd Switzer
Department of Nutrition associate professor Switzer and assistant professors Ammerman and Campbell have received the Sarah Mazelis Best Paper of the Year Award for Health Promotion Practice for their work on "The PRAISE! Project: A Church-Based Nutrition Intervention Designed for Cultural Appropriateness, Sustainability, and Diffusion."

Larry Alford
Deputy university librarian, Alford began his first term as a member of the board of trustees of the Online Computer Library Center, a nonprofit organization that provides computer-based cataloging, reference, resource sharing and preservation services to 43,000 libraries in 86 countries and territories.

David R. Godschalk
Steven Baxter professor of city and regional planning, Godschalk has received the Distinguished Educator Award from the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning. This award was presented in recognition of his service and contribution to planning and based on his scholarly contributions, teaching excellence and professional service.

Joanne Harrell
Professor of nursing, Harrell has received the Katharine A. Lembright Award from the American Heart Association in recognition of her contributions to cardiovascular nursing research. Her studies, as part of the Center for Research on Preventing and Managing Chronic Illness in Vulnerable People, have examined the development of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents.

Jeffrey L. Houpt
Dean of the School of Medicine, Houpt was chosen the 2002 George C. Ham Society Distinguished Alumnus by the Department of Psychiatry. Houpt's research and teaching interests have examined the interface between psychiatry and medicine.

Jonathan Kotch
Professor of maternal and child health, Kotch has received the 2002 GlaxoSmithKline Child Health Recognition Award in the Individual Recognition Award category from the N.C. Public Health Association.

Fredrick O. Mueller
Chair of the Department of Exercise and Sports Science, Mueller has been selected for the Citation Award from the American College of Sports Medicine.

Etta Pisano
Chief of breast imaging and professor of radiology and biomedical engineering, Pisano was recognized as one of the 20 most influential people in radiology by "Diagnostic Imaging" magazine for outstanding contributions to maximizing diagnostic imaging's potential to improve health care and save lives.

Timothy Quigg
Associate chair for administration and finance in computer science, Quigg has been appointed a member of the Society of Research Administrators International Distinguished Faculty.

Alan Shapiro
Professor of English, Shapiro has received the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association 2002 Roanoke-Chowan Award for his poetry volume "Song and Dance: Poems." The prize recognized this year's best volume of poetry by a North Carolinian.

Philip Singer
Daniel A. Okun professor of environmental engineering, Singer has been selected as the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors' 2003 Distinguished Lecturer.

Southern Oral History Project
North Carolina Humanities Council
These organizations have received a 2002 Innovation Award from the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, which recognizes and supports projects in university humanities departments that help Ph.D. students explore professional possibilities.

Trustees cite outstanding service with Davie awards

Christopher C. Fordham III, Henry E. Frye and C.D. Spangler Jr. were honored Nov. 20 with William Richardson Davie Awards in recognition of their extraordinary service to the University and to society.

Established by Carolina's Board of Trustees in 1984, the prestigious Davie Award is named for the Revolutionary War hero considered to be the father of the University. Davie was the author of the bill that established the University. The award is the highest honor bestowed by the trustees.

Fordham, who received his pre-medical degree and certificate of medicine from Carolina (and medical degree from Harvard University), returned to his alma mater from the Medical College of Georgia in 1971 as professor of medicine and dean of the School of Medicine, positions he held until 1979.

Under his leadership, the Area Health Education Centers Program was established, linking the University with other in-state medical schools to provide service opportunities to physicians and increase the ratio of health professionals to North Carolina's population. During part of his tenure as dean, he served the University as vice chancellor for health affairs and in 1977 was named acting assistant secretary for health and acting Surgeon General of the United States at the request of President Jimmy Carter.

In 1980, Fordham became Carolina's chancellor. Under his leadership, the undergraduate curriculum was revised. He sought and achieved significant increases in research funding, which grew from $56 million at the beginning of his term to $105 million by the end. He renewed focus on private giving, putting Carolina among the nation's top 20 public institutions for contributions and increasing the endowment from $30 million to $130 million.

He also oversaw construction of the Dean E. Smith Center, Sitterson Hall, the Hanes Art Center, the Kenan Center and Davis Library.

Among Fordham's honors are the General Alumni Association's Distinguished Service Medal, the American Medical Association Award and the N.C. Hospital Association Distinguished Service Award. He also is a distinguished service member of the Association of American Medical Colleges. An honorary member of the Board of Visitors, he serves on the Carolina First Campaign Chapel Hill-Durham Regional Steering Committee.

The Christopher Fordham Award recognizing a graduating student for outstanding and creative leadership at the medical school was established in his honor. In 1988, the University's biology-biotechnology building was named Christopher C. Fordham Hall.

Frye graduated from North Carolina A&T State University and received his law degree, with honors, from Carolina. He was admitted to the state bar and practiced as an attorney in Greensboro for four years.

In 1962, Robert Kennedy appointed him an assistant U.S. attorney -- one of only six in the nation. He followed this appointment with a professorship in the School of Law at North Carolina Central University before returning to private practice in Greensboro. In 1968, Frye won a seat in the state House of Representatives, the first black in the 20th century to do so. He served six terms in the state House and one in the state Senate, always writing and delivering a poem on the last day the legislature was in session.

Frye also started the Greensboro National Bank and served as its president for nine years. Former Gov. Jim Hunt appointed him associate justice of the state Supreme Court in 1983, the first black to serve on the high court.

He successfully ran for the position in 1984 -- the first of eight such terms -- making him North Carolina's longest-serving Supreme Court jurist. In 1999, he became the first black to serve as chief justice in the state's history.

Frye is now attorney of counsel with Brooks, Pierce, McLendon, Humphrey & Leonard in Greensboro.

Among his many honors, Frye has received the Distinguished Alumnus-Alumna Award from Carolina and the N.C. chapter of the NAACP's Kelly M. Alexander Sr. Humanitarian Award. N.C. A&T honored him with the Alumni Excellence Award, an honorary doctor of laws degree and established the Henry E. Frye Honors Program Endowment and the Henry E. Frye Pre-Law Society in his name.

He has received the N.C. Academy of Trial Lawyers' Appellate Judges Award and was named Lawyer of the Year by the N.C. Association of Black Lawyers. He received the University of North Carolina Board of Governors' University Award this year.

Spangler received his bachelor's degree in business administration from Carolina. After earning his master of business administration degree from Harvard Business School and serving two years in the U.S. Army, he returned to the family business, C.D. Spangler Construction Co.

Spangler's commitment to public education began in 1972. As vice-chairman of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school board, he helped lead the successful integration of area schools. From 1982 to 1986, he served as chairman of the state Board of Education.

During his tenure as president of the 16-campus University of North Carolina from 1986 to 1997, Spangler was known for his dedication to students; he was a champion of low tuition.

Spangler opened doors to minorities, hiring Julius Chambers away from the NAACP Legal Defense Fund to become chancellor at N.C. Central University. Spangler also brought women into the top tier of the university system, hiring the first female vice president of the system and two female chancellors.

Grant funding for research in the system grew from $206 million to $493 million in the Spangler years. University-wide enrollment grew by 27,000 students during his tenure. In 1993, he led a successful campaign for a $310 million bond referendum for UNC facilities -- at the time, the largest in system history.

Spangler was successful in securing greater flexibility in management and budgeting for the system, and he instituted reforms to ensure integrity in the sports programs at all Carolina campuses participating in intercollegiate athletics.

Under his leadership, the Spangler Foundation has generously supported institutions of culture, public service and higher education. Overall, the Spangler Foundation has contributed more than $10 million toward the creation of 38 distinguished professorships within the university system.

Among his many honors are the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, the UNC Board of Governors' University Award, Harvard Business School's Alumni Achievement Award and the N.C. Citizens for Business and Industry Citizen for Distinguished Public Service Award.


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